It is morally wrong to make a mother choose between treatment for herself and treatment for her newborn. It is morally wrong that people should be dying of AIDS when treatment is available.
It is morally wrong that babies are still being born with HIV when we know how to prevent it. It is morally wrong that children are still growing up as AIDS orphans.
To be a partner for women and girls against violence and injustice, you do not have to be experts on human rights or gender. You do have to be committed to always asking in your daily work: 'How can I better engage women and girls to understand what they need'
A society that cuts itself off from its youth severs its lifeline; it is condemned to bleed to death.
When the history of our times is written, will we be remembered as the generation that turned our backs in a moment of global crisis or will it be recorded that we did the right thing?
No disease group is as vast and complex in scope as the noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Incorporating social determinants such as income and education, the NCDs call for an equally massive and comprehensive response
There are 1.2 billion adolescents across the world, 9 out of 10 of these young people live in developing countries. Millions are denied their basic rights to quality education, health care, protection and exposed to abuse and exploitation.
Of all the forms of inequality, injustice in health care is the most shocking and inhumane.
“The early years in a child’s life—when the human brain is forming—represent a critically important window of opportunity to develop a child’s full potential and shape key academic, social, and cognitive skills that determine a child’s success in school and in life.”—President Barack Obama
“If art is to nourish the roots of our culture, society must set the artist free to follow his vision wherever it takes him.”—President JF Kennedy
"The true character of a society is revealed in how it treats its children. History will judge us by the difference we make in the everyday lives of children."—President Nelson Mandela

Contraceptive Characteristics of Women Living with HIV in the Kumasi Metropolis, Ghana

Akosua A. Gyimah, MB ChB, Emmanuel K. Nakua, MSc, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, PhD, Easmon Otupiri, PhD

Abstract


Objectives: Contraceptive use among women living with HIV is important to prevent the transmission of the infection to their partners, prevent unintended pregnancies and prevent the mother-to-child transmission of the infection. The study sought to determine the contraceptive characteristics of women living with HIV in the Kumasi metropolis.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from July to August 2012 at two HIV/AIDS clinics in the Kumasi Metropolis in the Ashanti Region, Ghana. Interviewer- administered questionnaires were used to collect data from two hundred and ninety five women. Data from one hundred and eighty three women living with HIV and who were sexually active were analsed. Factors associated with contraceptive use were examined using logistic regression.

Results: The overall contraceptive use was high; 84.7% were using a modern contraceptive method. The male condom was the commonest contraceptive method (77.0%) used and this was the main contraceptive method promoted at the HIV/AIDS clinic. Dual method usage was low (4.4%). Multivariate analysis showed that the significant predictor of contraceptive use was HIV status disclosure to partner (AOR 0.25; 95% CI = 0.07-0.87;p = 0.03).

Conclusion and Public Health Implications: The integration of family planning and HIV/AIDS services could stress dual method use and encourage HIV status disclosure to partner.

Key words: Contraceptives • Condom • Women Living with HIV/AIDS • Ghana

Copyright © 2013 Gyimah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21106/ijma.16

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